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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2832\margr3753\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2832\margrsxn3753\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1516 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 298{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw11 EXTENT OF THE EMPIRE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri47\sb230\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 statement by Yuan Chwang that Harsa "reigned in peace \expndtw9 for thirty years without raising a weapon."\super 1\nosupersub  Ac\-\expndtw3 cepting the correctness of this translation\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 although \expndtw4 Beal renders it: \i "After \i0 thirty years his arms reposed, \expndtw2 and he governed everywhere in peace"\super 2\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 we may at \expndtw3 once say it only shows that Harsa soon established \expndtw0 internal security and stability of government after the \expndtw2 earlier confusion due to the Gupta-Gauda incursions. \expndtw-2 But in his foreign policy Harsa remained an Imperialist, \expndtw2 and the Kongoda (Ganjam district) campaign of A.D. \expndtw4 643 proves beyond doubt that he had to undertake \expndtw-1 military expeditions almost till the close of his moment-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li11\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ous reign.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li11\fi0\ri0\sb137\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 "Extent of the Empire}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi468\ri0\sb173\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 It has generally been supposed from the epithet \expndtw-4 "Sakalottarapathanatha" that Harsa made himself master \expndtw-1 of the whole of Northern India. There are, however, grounds for believing that it was often used in a vague \expndtw-4 and loose way, and did not necessarily connote the whole \expndtw-7 of the region from the Himalayas to the Vindhya ranges,\super 3\nosupersub  \super < \nosupersub\expndtw-5 A careful analysis of Yuan Chwang's account also shows \expndtw4 that the dominions of Harsa were much more limited \expndtw-1 in extent. The pilgrim explicitly mentions the existence \expndtw3 of a number of slates, along with their dependencies, \expndtw2 at the time of his visit. Among them were: Kapisa \expndtw-3 Kashmir, Jalandhar, Bairat, Mathura, Matipura (Man-\expndtw-2 dawar, Bijnor district), Suvarnagotra country, Kapila-\expndtw1 vastu, Nepal, Kamarupa (Assam), Maharastta, Broach,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li407\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub Watters, I, p. 343.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li414\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx533 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 Beal, I, p. 213.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi407\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-205\slmult0\tx533 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 There is mention   of   a   "Sakalottarapathanatha"   in   the\line inscriptions of Calukya Vinayticlitya \i (Ind. Aaf., \i0 VII, pp. 107, in;\line \i\expndtw4 Ibid., \i0 IX, p. 129), and if he is identical with one of the successors\line \expndtw7 of Adityasena in the Later Gupta line, as has been suggested, it\line \expndtw6 is certain that this   "Sakalottarapathanatha" was far from being\line \expndtw7 the ruler of the whole of Northern India.}\par }